Kenya is leading the way in rapidly scaling up voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) for HIV prevention among 14 countries in sub-Saharan Africa targeted by the United States Presidents’ Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). However, at about 60% coverage of targeted population, this is still below the 80% coverage by 2015 recommended for population level impact on HIV incidence. Several meetings have been held nationally and internationally to discuss strategies to rapidly roll out safe VMMC especially among older men. The older men targeted in this study are likely to be married or in stable relationships. Because women are excluded in VMMC programs, they may not fully understand the importance of the post-operative abstinence period and therefore may not support their partners in observing it.
Objectives of the study
To evaluate the impact on the uptake of VMMC services of mobilizing men in the company of their female sexual partners versus mobilizing men alone versus mobilizing female partners and asking them to refer their partners for services.
IPS is therefore a randomized-controlled trial aimed at comparing the effectiveness of three mobilization interventions in increasing demand for VMMC services, namely delivering VMMC education to: men alone, men in the company of their female partners as well as female partners and asking them to relay the information to their men and refer them for services.